Cannabinoids are the therapeutic compounds found in cannabis leaf and flowers, the most well know cannabinoid is THC, which is a psychoactive drug.
There are more than 80 cannabinoids, including CBD, CBN, CBC, CBG etc which are non-psychoactive and have various therapeutic effects, which are being studied for medical use.
In 1964 THC was isolated by Israel doctor, Dr Raphael Mechoulam and by 1970 it was determined to be the only major psychoactive component.
Since 1964 more than 400 separate compounds have been isolated in cannabis and many more are still being discovered.
Cannabinoids react with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain, these receptors have only just been discovered along with the entire endocannabinoid system which exists naturally in all humans.
It seems we are just getting started on understanding these cannabiniods and the endocannabinoid system and the natural symbiotic relationship between us and this plant.
The other compounds include minerials, terpenes and flavonoids – Natuer’s biological response modifiers, all of which have medical and nutritional uses.